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Following the outbreak of war in August , the German Army opened the Western Front by invading Luxembourg and Belgium , then gaining military control of important industrial regions in France. The tide of the advance was dramatically turned with the Battle of the Marne. Following the Race to the Sea , both sides dug in along a meandering line of fortified trenches , stretching from the North Sea to the Swiss frontier with France, which changed little except during early and in Between and there were several offensives along this front. The attacks employed massive artillery bombardments and massed infantry advances. Entrenchments, machine gun emplacements, barbed wire and artillery repeatedly inflicted severe casualties during attacks and counter-attacks and no significant advances were made. Among the most costly of these offensives were the Battle of Verdun , in , with a combined , casualties estimated , the Battle of the Somme , also in , with more than a million casualties estimated , and the Battle of Passchendaele Third Battle of Ypres , in , with , casualties estimated. To break the deadlock of trench warfare on the Western Front, both sides tried new military technology , including poison gas , aircraft , and tanks.

Atlas of European history

In this entry we discuss historical trends, as well as recent developments in literacy. From a historical perspective, literacy levels for the world population have risen drastically in the last couple of centuries. Despite large improvements in the expansion of basic education, and the continuous reduction of education inequalities, there are substantial challenges ahead.

The poorest countries in the world, where basic education is most likely to be a binding constraint for development, still have very large segments of the population who are illiterate. In Niger, for example, the literacy rate of the youth years is only

The following dates will help you “date your globe” and determine how old it might be. Lots of globe/map sites are also listed on: – Congo Free State (Congo State); Britain established Bechuanaland pre St. Petersburg, Russia – French West Africa divides into independent countries and ceases to.

Skip to main content Press Enter. Load More. View More. Sort By Topic:. The approval of an Ebola vaccine represents the culmination of nearly two decades of efforts by DOD teams and the public and private sectors. A common idea spans the work of Vannevar Bush, director of defense. See More. A small unit of U.

World War 1 (KS2): Everything You Need To Know

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The history of Europe is breathtakingly complex, but this two minute video helps makes sense of years of change on the European map. Almost overnight, the country’s entire western border splintered into independent nations. Even places like the U.S. struggle to provide internet access to remote.

Germany before World War I was a nation struggling to assert its place in the world. Germany – Germany – Germany from to The German Empire was founded on January 18, , in the aftermath of three successful wars by the North German state of Prussia. Before Napoleon’s decrees ended the ghettos in Germany, it had been religiously motivated, but by the 19th century, it was a factor in German nationalism. After some obligatory saber rattling, the main parties had settled these disputes via diplomatic negotiation.

The reason for the pact was that, at this time, the waters of fascism were moving towards high tide in Germany and Italy. After The causes included the burdensome reparations imposed after World War I, coupled with a general inflationary period in Europe in the s another direct result of a materially catastrophic war. This was the first major battle to take place in World War 1.

Before the aforementioned Balkan Wars, war had been averted between Germany and France in a dispute over Morocco in , and again in And these little gray lines, these show where France ends and, say, Switzerland or Germany or Italy begins. Soon after, the “Balkan Entente” was created.

Animation: How the European Map Has Changed Over 2,400 Years

Maps can be a powerful tool for understanding the world, particularly the Middle East, a place in many ways shaped by changing political borders and demographics. Here are 40 maps crucial for understanding the Middle East — its history, its present, and some of the most important stories in the region today. World History: Patterns of Interaction. If this area wasn’t the birthplace of human civilization, it was at least a birthplace of human civilization.

Further west, in the Emerald Hill area of Orchard Road, most of Cuppage in and for some years afterwards was the site of a large nutmeg plantation. With the start of war across Europe in , the club was commandeered by the You can pick up a free map of the grounds at the ranger ‘ s office, a little to the​.

As a whole class, review physical and cultural features of Europe from the past several lessons by asking students to come to the front of the room to draw features on the map. Ask: Which of these features have changed over the past years? How have they changed? If students have difficulty, explain to students that, although physical features don’t change much over time, our relationship to those features does change.

For example, rails replace rivers for transport, roads make mountains passable, some streams change course, and natural resources are used. Cultural groups constantly evolve and migrate, some groups are assimilated into others, and sometimes new groups emerge. Explain to students that they will compare maps of European borders at three points in history.

One of those points is the European Union as of Explain to students that the European Union, or EU, is an association of European countries formed in for the purpose of achieving political and economic integration. If possible, bring in euros, the official currency of the eurozone, as realia for students to see and touch. Have students compare and contrast three maps of Europe from different times.

Distribute three maps to each student: Europe, ; Europe, ; and The European Union, , or project the maps on the board.

40 maps that explain the Middle East

World War One is a particularly interesting topic for KS2 children to learn about and an integral part of KS2 history. Get ready for some comprehensive coverage of WW1, its battles and countries involved. Then, find out about life for the soldiers and people back home, plus some cool facts about WW1. World War 1 WW1 was a war which began in and ended in

Students compare and contrast maps of European borders at three points in history: after A Rodrigues Islander flies a European Union (EU) flag as he travels to fishing locations. Look at the western border of Russia in the Balkans, the rest of Europe was plunged into World War I, which lasted from ​

This list of links contains a multitude of online resources for pictures, audio files, maps, and other multimedia elements related to WWI. Please note that this is a work in progress; suggestions for additional online academic sources are most welcome. To submit a new resource, please send the website address along with the website title, institutional sponsor, and a short description see below to info online. The review is available in English, French and German. A catalogue of more than , items, including aircraft, weapons, interviews, music, posters, letters and more from the Imperial War Museums’ collections.

This website allows visitors to experience some of the elements of World War I first hand. The visitors of the site can choose a virtual character and determine their nationality, age and gender. They are then shown what this character might have felt, heard, tasted, smelt or seen. The website is available in French and German.

Compare and Contrast Historical Maps of Europe

The first half of the century, the age of the World Wars and the start of the Cold War , was dominated by the rivalries of those powers. The second half saw the replacement, largely through the agency of those wars, of the European state system by a world system with many centres of both power and discord. This article provides a single integrated narrative of the changing context of world politics, from the outbreak of World War I to the s.

It also maps out wider policy priorities and Green Infrastructure includes established green spaces and new sites West Regional Development Agency and the SITA Trust. The The European Landscape Convention (ELC) 16 seeks to embody the site, selling free range local produce and providing educational.

Features PDF content going back as far as , with the majority of full text titles in native searchable PDF format. Searchable cited references are provided for 1, journals. Unlimited users. Updated monthly. A scholarly business database providing a collection of bibliographic and full text content in all disciplines of business, including marketing, management, MIS, POM, accounting, finance and economics.

Indexing and abstracts for scholarly business journals back to are included. Searchable cited references provided for more than 1, journals. Contains detailed author profiles for the 20, most-cited authors in the database. Additional full text, non-journal content includes financial data, books, monographs, major reference works, book digests, conference proceedings, case studies, investment research reports, industry reports, market research reports, country reports, company profiles, and SWOT analyses.

The History of Western Europe: Every Year